A vote on the Chip Act is expected in the Senate this week to provide support for the FAB


A long-running campaign to provide $52 billion in subsidies to domestic semiconductor manufacturers faces a final vote in the Senate this week via a bill that also includes tens of billions of dollars for the National Science Foundation and emerging regional technology firms.

Semiconductor companies and universities are already vying for tranches of funding, an early sign of what could be heated competition, if the bill becomes law.

after months of Discussion and setbacksThe legislation is similar to the United States Innovation and Competition Act, the original form of the bill aimed at boosting the United States’ competitiveness against China, which acquitted the Senate last year but veered in the House.

Buying a car these days is a challenge, given the range of difficulties facing the auto industry. The problems stem from the global shortage of semiconductor chips. (Video: Lee Powell/The Washington Post)

The Senate is scheduled to vote on the new legislation on Monday. If she wins the 60 votes needed to clear that bar, she will move to the final vote by Tuesday or Wednesday. Then the debate moves to the House of Representatives.

Much of the $52 billion will go to chip manufacturers to spur the construction of local factories to produce components, which are brain Which powers all modern electronic devices.

A global shortage of small components has hampered all kinds of manufacturing, forcing automakers to cut production and driving cars prices and other goods.

Countries around the world have been scrambling to increase component production by subsidizing manufacturers to build factories, which cost billions of dollars to build.

The bill also includes about $100 billion in licenses over five years for programs including expanding the work of the National Science Foundation and creating regional technology centers to support startups in areas of the country that have not traditionally attracted significant technology funding.

NSF will receive funds for a new technology directorate that will help turn basic research breakthroughs into real-world applications in areas such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing.

“Our universities are very organized around winning NSF grants and publishing. They were less focused on actually granting patents, Senator Maria Cantwell (D-Washington), chair of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, told the Washington Post. She said the new funding would be aimed at helping the United States translate its science into applications and domestic manufacturing faster.

Chip giants including Intel and TSMC have already said they are counting on receiving some US subsidies for semiconductors to help fund plant-building projects in Ohio and Arizona. GlobalFoundries, another big chip producer, is hoping to get some funding to support the expansion of a plant in upstate New York.

Three months and 700 steps: why it takes so long to produce a computer chip

Last week, Minnesota-based chipmaker Skywater Technology and Purdue University He said They intend to win a portion of the funding to help fund a new plant and research facility worth $1.8 billion next to the university in West Lafayette, Indiana.

In an interview, SkyWater CEO Thomas Sonderman said the rough plan is for federal and state funding to pay two-thirds of the plant, with the rest coming from SkyWater and its chip customers.

He said the facility would likely manufacture chips for the auto industry, medical device manufacturers, aerospace customers and the Department of Defense.

Announcing the plan in Event Last week, Purdue University president Mitch Daniel said the project would make the university “a more vibrant and engaging environment so that the world’s brightest minds will want to come and study, teach, research and live here.”

IBM and the State University of New York at Albany and Other partners They are also pushing for funding to establish a semiconductor research center in Albany. Senate Majority Leader Charles E. Schumer (DNY) is Support this effort.

This week, IBM plans to move nearly 60 senior executives to Washington, D.C., to push members of Congress to pass the legislation, spokesman Sean Higgins said Friday.

“Congress has a one-in-a-generation opportunity to revitalize American leadership and innovate in an important area of ​​technology while creating good-paying tech jobs nationwide,” Mukesh Kher, vice president of hybrid cloud at IBM Research, said in a statement.

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